Psychoanalysis is a personal analysis and, as the name itself says, its purpose is to analyze. Psychotherapy is treatment.
This kind of analysis helps the person to find out issues. How the person really is, with all his/her human fragility. It helps the patient to see his/her specificities in both good and bad ways. But seeing those specificities without being frightened, reproachful or judgmental, just accepting him/her as he/she is. And then making choices.
By knowing him/herself better, the person can "think" before deciding. But this knowledge will not be acquired quickly, neither will it always be pleasurable. It will certainly be a rewarding experience though, because a patient of psychoanalysis is more likely to live better with him/herself and with others, having greater ability to respect and accept differences and the individuality of others.
HOW DOES PERSONAL ANALYSIS OCCUR IN PRACTICE?
One goal is to bring to consciousness what is in the unconscious. For if one is at the level of the unconscious it is because in some way and at some time for the person it was difficult, or even unbearable, to experience certain experiences, be they concrete or lived in fantasy. Because of the intensity of these experiences and the inability to understand who is experiencing them, they are repressed, that is, they are "stored" in the unconscious.
What seems to be forgotten, and is actually "stored," has many influences on current experiences and relationships.
The analysis happens through the free association of the pair (analyzing and analyst), that is, it is proposed that the analyst express what is in his mind at the moment, and the two will associate their own ideas about it.
For this, there is a need for an "analytical framework", with the importance of a cozy space, a quiet environment, the couch, the same hours, a defined frequency, among others.